the capital of Sarawak, is a riverside town in the west of the state,
located on the banks of the Sarawak River
- Land of the Hornbills Situated on the north-western coast of Borneo,
the Land of Hornbills beckons the visitor with its rich rainforests,
intricate rivers, pepper, and the diverse lifestyles of its indigenous
Sarawak shares its boundaries with
Indonesia's Kalimantan in the south and Brunei and Sabah in the
north-east. Sarawak is Malaysia's largest state, covering an area of
124,450sq.km. and is divided into nine Divisions with the city of Kuching as its capital
Two-thirds of its land is under
rainforests and its population of 1.7 million is made up of 23 ethnic
groups. Sarawak is best known for its natural and cultural wonders.
Sarawak's oil-rich coastline plays a major role in the economy.
Sarawak's economy is largely dependent on its rich natural resources
like oil and liquefied natural gas (LNG). Natural gas is mostly
exported to Japan
Other sources of revenue come from
the famous Sarawak black and white pepper, rubber, sago, copra, bird's
nests and timber. Malaysia produces around 27,550 tons of pepper
annually, 90% of which comes from Sarawak.
Accommodation - Finding a suitable place to
stay in the main towns of Sarawak is easy.
There are over 50 hotels in this
tropical paradise, ranging from simple one-star hotels to five-star
international hotels. Prices vary from RM30 to RM500.
- Archaeological findings at Santubong
Peninsula show that the Chinese came to trade during the Tang, Sung
and Yuan dynasties from 618AD to 1368AD. Little is known about its
later history (as there are no written records of this 'middle age')
except that, at some point, Sarawak came under the control of the
Sultan of Brunei
The Iban and Chinese each make up a third of
the population. The Malays are third in number followed by the Bidayuh,
Melanau and Orang Ulu. The Iban traditionally depend on fishing,
hunting and farming for a living
The Malays are
mostly farmers and fisher folk, and live in the coastal areas. The
Bidayuh were coastal settlers who had been driven inland by sea
Considered the original settlers of
Sarawak, the Melanau are fisher folk. Many of these ethnic groups
dwell along the great rivers. They live in longhouses, where the
entire population of a village lives under one roof. They are very
hospitable to travelers and many visitors stay overnight in a
longhouse during their visit.