District is a famous for medieval History. Burhanpur town was used by
Moghuls to control south India. It is situated at the Bank of Tapti
River. Asirgarh fort was known as "Dakhkhan ka darwaza" . without wining
this fort it was impossible to have control on southern india.
Maharastra Border touches the District. Nepa news Print mill is situated
in this District.
Medieval History -
In 1536 A.D., the Mughal Emperor Humayun, after his conquest of Gujarat,
had visited Burhanpur and Asirgarh via Baroda, Broach (Bharuch) & Surat.
Raja Ali Khan (1576-1596 A.D.), also known as Adil Shah, was asked to
submit to Akbar, when the latter had sent an expedition to Khandesh, in
the summer of 1577 A.D. The former, to avoid the unequal contest with
the mighty Akbar, dropped his royal title of Shah and accepted the
Suzerainty of Akbar. This marked an epoch in the Deccan policy of the
Mughals, for Khandesh was used as a base for the future Conquest of
Deccan. Raja Ali Khan constructed many buildings like Jama Masjid in the
upper portion of the fort of Asir in 1588 A.D., Jama Masjid at Burhanpur
in 1590 A.D., Idgah at Asir, mausoleums & Serai at Burhanpur and Serai &
Mosque at Zainabad.
Bahadur Khan (1596-1600
A.D.) successor of Raja Ali Khan declared his independence & refused to
pay homage to Akbar & his son Prince Daniyal, which enraged Akbar, who
marched towards Burhanpur in 1599 and occupied the City without any
opposition on 8th April 1600 A.D. Akbar paid a visit to Asirgarh, so as
to inspect it personally, where he stayed for 4 days before returning to
his Head Quarter at Burhanpur.
ShahJahan's Operation -
Prince Khurram was nominated as the Governor of the Deccan in
1617 AD, by Jahangir to succeed Prince Parviz, and was bestowed the
title of Shah by Jahangir. Khurram led the Mughal army to a peaceful
victory by which Jahangir was pleased with his success & conferred him
the title of Shah Jahan on 12th October, 1617 AD. After the death of
Jahangir in 1627, Shah Jahan ascended the throne of Mughal empire. Due
to troubled conditions in the Deccan, he reached Burhanpur (Deccan) on
the 1st March 1630, where he stayed for the following two years,
conducting operations against Bijapur, Ahmadnagar, and Golkunda. On 7th
June 1631, Shah Jahan lost his beloved & favourite wife Mumtaz Mahall at
Burhanpur, and her body was buried at first in the Garden of Zainabad,
across the river Tapti. Early in December of the same year (1631 AD),
the remains of her body were sent to Agra. Later on 6th March 1632, Shah
Jahan left Burhanpur for the north, after appointing Mahabat Khan as the
viceroy of the Deccan.
Modern History - From
the mid 16th Century to the early 18th century, the Nimar region
(including Burhanpur, East Nimar,West Nimar Barwani District), was
under the rule/impact of Aurangzeb, Bahadur Shah (Mughals), Peshwas,
Sindhia, Holkar & Pawar (Marathas ), Pindaris etc. Later from early
part of the mid 18th century, the management of the Nimar region came
under the British.
The Burhanpur district did not remain
unaffected by the Great Uprising of 1857, which swept the country,
against the British rule. In connection with the so called Riots of
1857, Tatya Tope had gone through the region of Nimar and before
marching out of the region, burnt the police stations and Govt.
buildings at Khandwa, Piplod and a number of other places and escaped
again to central India by way of Khargone.
ASIRGARH - A
celebrated hill fort in the Burhanpur tehsil about 30 miles ( 48 KMs.)
South of Khandwa and 14 miles (22.4 KMs) north of Burhanpur on Burhanpur
-Khandwa road. It is 259.1 Meters high from the base & 701 Meters above
MSL. This is referred as the "Gateway to southern India" in the medieval
history. It is consisting of three separate lines of constructions
namely Asirgarh proper(Upper most part), Kamargarh and Malaygarh. Jami
masjid & a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva are another architecture
inside the fort. Asha mandir of Hindu Goddess Asha-devi is located on
the hills of this village.In the vicinity of Asirgarh,there is a tomb of
Shah Nomani Asiri, a saint, a believer of Sufism. Moti mahal, the burial
place of Moti Begam, beloved of Shah Jahan is to the left of the fort
and situated at the bank of Pandhar River.
& the largest (in the district) town of Burhanpur named after Sheikh
Burhan-ud-Din stand on the north bank of Tapti river, on the
Bombay-Delhi main line of central railway 504 KMs from Bombay and 69 KMs
from Khandwa. The place has many monuments of historic art &
architectural importance like Biwi ki Masjid, Jami Masjid, Badshahi
quila,Tombs of Nasir Khan & Adil Shah, Raja ki Chhatri, Khooni Bhandar.
The place is also counted in the pilgrimage of Sikhkha sect. The
handloom industry of the city has a remarkable place in the household
industries and has a glorious past.
Ki Chhatri - Raja ki Chhatri is notable monument
which is situated on the bank of the Tapti about 4 miles from Burhanpur.
It is said that the Chhatri was constructed by the order of Emperor
Aurangzeb in honour of the memory of Raja Jai Singh, the Commander of
the Mughal force in Deccan. Raja Jai Singh while returning from the
Deccan died at Burhanpur.
Ichchha Devi Temple -
Ichchha Devi Temple is
situated at Ichchhapur village approx. 23 Kms from Burhanpur on
Burhanpur- Edlabad main road and dedicated to the Ichchha Devi. The
story goes that a Maratha Governor made a vow to the Goddess Ichchha
Devi (Ful-filler of desires) that if he got a son he would build a well
and a temple for the Goddess. When his desire was fulfilled, he built a
well and a temple. An annual fair attended by thousands of persons is
held there in Chaitra Maas (First month of Hindu Calendar).