Legacy of Nature :
rugged western ghats make it an ideal haven for many species of birds
and animals and also provide a corridor for migration. The western ghats
called the Sahyadris in Goa, extend for a total of 600kms in Goa of
their total length of 3702 kms.
The widest belt of
forests along the western ghats is in Goa and neighbouring Karnataka
state. The high rainfall accounts for this because the elevation of the
mountain range here is lower.
The coastal areas on
the other hand, provide the tropical backdrop. There are several plants
and trees unique to Goa and some introduced by the Portuguese, most
famous of which is the green Chilies, which today has become an
essential ingredient in the Indian Curry.
The tropical location
of Goa is responsible for its warm humid climate and laterite and
lateritic Clayey-loamy soil. The mean temperature even in the coldest
month is over 20 degrees centigrade.
Average rainfall is
over 500mm along the western ghats and a little less elsewhere. The
length of the dry season averages from 5 to 6 months. For all these
reasons, the dominant vegetation is of the moist decidous type.
Goa is endowed with
over 1512 documented species of plants, over 275 genera of birds, over
48 genera of animals and over 60 genera of reptiles.
About 10% of Goa is
set aside as wildlife reserve and this area includes four large wildlife
Bondla Sanctuary |
Cotigao Sanctuary |
Dr Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary |