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State
Karnataka
Introduction
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Moodabidri Jain Temple near Mangalore / Karnataka

Moodbidri in Karnataka is known to the world as an ancient center of Jain learning. It is a small town which lies at a distance of 37 kilometers northeast of the Dakshin Kannad district headquarters, Mangalore. The site has an average elevation is 147 meters or 482 feet.

Between 14th to 16th centuries Moodbidri became a center of Jain religion, culture, art and architecture. This period of Moodbidri in Karnataka witnessed the construction of eighteen Jain temples. The head of the Jain Math here is a Bhattaraka who belong to the Mula Sangh order. The most popular among them are:

  • Guru Basadi

  • Tribhuvana Tilaka Chudamani Basadi

  • Ammanavara Basadi

Guru Basadi in Moodbidri is the ancient most of the Jain monuments. A marvelous stone idol of Parshwanatha which is about 3.5 meters tall lies in the sanctum of this Basadi. If you go there you will witness the rare Jain palm leaf manuscripts of 12th century AD known as ‘Dhavala texts’.

Tribhuvana Tilaka Chudamani Basadi in Moodbidri is the biggest as well as the most ornamented of the Jain temples of this area. This temple is popularly known as Thousand pillared temple (Savira Kambada Basadi). This is a huge granite temple was constructed in 1430 AD. The 2.5 meters tall bronze icon of Lord Chandranatha Swami lies in the sanctum of this Basadi.

 

The three storied building of the Tribhuvana Tilaka Chudamani Basadi in Moodbidri was supported by the the rulers, the Jain Bhattaraka Swamiji, merchants as well as the common people. The temple is known for the open pillared hall in front. A 15-meter high monolithic pillar known as the manastambha stands in front of the Basadi.

The famous medieval Kannad author of Bharatesha Vaibhava, Ratnakara Varni, belonged to Moodbidri.

Moodbidri at Karnataka was the land of the Chowtas, a Jain ruling family.

 

 

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