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State
Andhra Pradesh
Click for Hyderabad, India Forecast  
 

Introduction

Sight Seeing

Accommodation

State Andhra Pradesh 
City Hyderabad
Airports Hyderabad  Airport
Distance from City Centre 16 Km/ 10 Mile
Railway Junctions Hyderabad /Secundarabad
Local Languages Hindi
Visakhapatnam - Introduction

Head Quarters: Visakhapatnam

Area: 11,161 sq.km

The boundaries of this district are Bay of Bengal in the East, East Godavari district in the South, Orissa state in the West and North directions.

Rivers:
Sharada, Varsha, Tandava, Machkand, Chempavathi and Gostnani .

Major Places: 
Vishakapatnam, Anakapally, Bhimunipatnam and Narsipatnam.

Industries: 
Visakha Steel Plant, Coramandal Fertilizers, Andhra Pradesh Refractory, Ship Building, Caltex Oil Refinery, Bharat heavy Plates and Pencils.

Tourist Places: 
Tyda park, Araku Valley, Borra caves, Rishikonda beach, Bhimunipatnam Beach, Dolphin Nose, Baruva beach, Vuda park, Visakha utsav, Visakhapatnam Harbour, Lawsons bay, Sankaram, Kalingapatnam beach, Rama Krishna beach, Mudasarlova Wter Park, Ross Hills, Kailasagiri, Keertana Vanamu, Indira Zoological park, Visakha Museum, Submarine Museum, Anthropology Museum, Andhra University, Hindustan Shipyard, Caltex Oil Refinery, Visakhapatnam Steel Plant, Chintapally and Talakona Forests.

Pilgrimage Centers:
Simhachalam Temple, Dargakonda, Sri Venkateswara Swamy konda, Upamaka temple, Anakapally Sri Kanyaka Parameswary Temple.

Handicrafts: 
Etikoppaka Toys.In the olden days this place used to be apart of Kalinga kingdom ruled by Chalukyans, Vijayanagara kings, Golkonda Nawabs and British Empire.
Srikakulum and Vijayanagaram districts were under this district before the formation of the two districts in 1950 and 1979 respectively.

Forest occupies 42% of the district area. Forest yields quality Timber and Bamboo useful in Paper Industry. State Forest Department Planted Cashew nut trees and Eucalyptus trees throughout the district. Coffee Estates are picking up their produce each year of progress. Titanium's ores, Magnalyte and Bauxite ores, quality Clays, Mica, and Graphite are the minerals found in this soil. Vishakapatnam so often called as the Metropolitan City of Andhra Pradesh has developed a lot since last decade. Major Industries are setup in the district especially in the Head quarters because of the Seaport.

India's First Shipping Yard - Hindustan Shipyard, Visakhapatnam Steel Plant the one producing quality steel are the major industries found. Vishakapatnam Port - Which is called as the Natural Harbor Because of the Natural formation of the mountain peaks of the shape of Dolphin Nose emerging from the sea, making this Port an unique one. Vishakapatnam is also called as Waltair or Vizag.

Polavaram Project on the River Godavari is the Irrigation source to these lands. Vishakapatnam Thermal Power project is the Power source to the State as well as to the neighboring states. Upper Seleru Hydro Power Project Producing electricity at a Less Expensive rates is another feather in the Cap to this Industrious district. Electricity needs of the district are fulfilled by Hydro Power project on Machkand River. Andhra University's Head Quarters at Vishakapatnam is a very old university.

Accessibility:
Visakhapatnam is well connected by road, rail and air.

History

Centuries ago, Andhra Pradesh was a major Buddhist centre and part of Emperor Ashoka's sprawling kingdom. Not surprisingly, traces of early Buddhist influence are still visible in several places in and around the state. After the death of Emperor Ashoka, several dynasties from the Ikshvakus, Pallavas, Chalukyas, Kakatiyas, Vijayanagaram kings, Qutb Shahis, Mughals and the Asaf Jahi's, ruled this princely city.

The history of Andhra Pradesh dates back to the epic era of the Ramayana and the Mahabharatha. But the documented history points to 236 BC, when Satavahana established a kingdom and a dynasty around the modern Hyderabad. During the reign of 450 years, Buddhism flourished in the kingdom. The rulers were followers of Brahmanism, but the women folk practiced Buddism. It was during this period that Buddhism spread from these shores to China, The far East and to Sri Lanka. The Ikshvakus succeeded the Satavahanas and ruled the kingdom for 57 years. The Pallavas annexed the area South of River Krishna and ruled till the end of 6th century.

Then came the dynasties of Chalukyas and the Kakatiyas. The Kakatiyas established themselves as rulers of a Telugu speaking people.  The glorious reign of the Kakatiyas came to end in the 14th century and for the first time Telugus came under a Muslim regime that brought with it a totally different set of customs, language and religion.

The Delhi Sultanate came in power in 1347 AD, governed by Allahuddin Hasan, claiming lineage to Bahman Shah of Persia, revolted against the Delhi Sultanate and declared himself ruler of the southern part of the territory, comprising mainly the Deccan and Telangana area.

It was somewhere around this time that the Qutub Shahi dynasty came into being when Sultan Quli, the Bahmani governor of Telangana, became independent and extend the new kingdom of Golconda right upto Machlipatnam on the east coast. Given the title of Quli-ul-Mulk by the Bahmanis, Qutub Shah, a descendant of a royal family of Hamdan in Persia, took over the reins and ruled till 1548.

Aurangazeb last Mogul king to rule India, conquered the Deccan in 1687 and left his governors, the Nizams, to rule Andhra. The British and French took over from the Nizams. Andhra became a part of Indian Union in 1947. The present state was formed in 1953, merging a part of the then Madras State (present Tamil Naidu) and the princely state of Hyderabad.

Heritage

The various dynasties that ruled the State of Andhra Pradesh, from the Ikshvakus, Pallavas, Chalukyas, Kakatiyas, Vijayanagaram kings, Qutb Shahis, Mughals, to the Asaf Jahis, all have contributed significantly to the State's rich cultural tapestry and have left behind a heritage studded with spectacular monuments, temples, mosques, palaces all vibrant with arts, crafts, dance and literature.

The state has a rich cultural heritage. The great composers of carnatic music Annamacharya, Tyagaraja and many others chose Telugu as their language of composition, thus enriching the language. Kuchipudi is the state's classical dance form.Andhrites have been movie buffs decades. The state produces about 200 top notch movies per year.

 Andhra Pradesh has several museums, including the Salar Jung Museum, which features a varied collection of sculptures, paintings, and religious artifacts, and the Archaeological Museum, which features Buddhist and Hindu sculptures and other antiques; both museums are located in Hyderabad

The State is rich in natural resources, cultural heritage, history and most of all, an opportunity to explore them, created by combining the old princely state of Hyderabad with the Telugu speaking portions of the former state of Chennai, Andhra Pradesh to this day retains much of its regal glory and mystic charm. 

Telugu, the official language of Andhra Pradesh, is described by C.P. Brown as the " Italian of the East ". It has been influenced by Sanskrit. The prominent poets of Telugu include Nannaya, Tikkana, Sri Krishna Devarayulu and a host of others.

The dance styles in the State are based on the standard treatises, viz. Abhinaya Darpana and Bharatarnava of Nandikeshwara, which is sub-divided into Nattuva Mala and Natya Mala. 

Kuchipudi, a blend of music and abhinaya, is Andhra Pradesh‘s unique contribution to dance it have flowered from a village called Kuchelapuri or Kuchelapuram in Krishna district. From its birth around 300 B. C., it has remained a continuous and living tradition of this region, performed by men of the Brahmin community.

 

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