Welcome To The Pench National Park and
Tiger Reserve extends over an area of 257 sq. km. in the lower
southern reaches of the Satpura hill ranges, along the northern boundary
of Nagpur District. It was declared a National Park by the Government of
Maharashtra in 1975 and received the official status of "Tiger Reserve
of India" in February 1999.
The park gets its name from the Pench River, which meanders through it
like a mammoth python, dividing it down the center. Rich in its
biodiversity, its terrain defined by hills, valleys and the occasional
precipitous slope, Pench is an important ecosystem supporting an
abundance of flora and fauna, including a rich variety of aquatic life.
Not surprisingly, the beauty of this part of central India has earned
much literary attention. The poet Kalidas writes about the scenic charm
of the place in his epics Meghdootam and Sakuntalam. R.A. Strendale's
"Camp in the Satpura Hills" draws a vivid pen picture of this idyllic
paradise - as does Forsyth's "Highlands of Central India".
Indeed, the Pench National Park is four different forest regions in one,
an extravagance of trees, shrubs, grasses, climbers, weeds and herbs,
with teak being the most prominent of the tree species. The park is home
to 33 species of mammals, 164 species of birds, 50 species of fish, 10
species of amphibians, 30 species of reptiles, and a wide variety of
While primarily and reservation for tigers and panthers, Pench is also
home to sambhar, chital, barking deer, nilgai, black buck, gaur, wild
boar, chausingha, sloth bears, wild dogs, langurs, monkeys, mouse deer,
black-naped hares, jackals, foxes, hyenas, porcupines, and flying
squirrels, to name a few.
Here, birdlife is equally bountiful. The feathered denizens of Pench
include both resident and migratory birds like Malabar pied hornbills,
Indian pittas, ospreys, grey-headed fishing eagles, white-eyed buzzards,
storks, waterfowls, four endangered vulture species, and the green
pigeon, which is the State Bird.
Pench is a naturalist's dream come true; a mind-expanding
experience if ever there is one.
Flora: Ain, Bamboo, Haldu, Karu, Arjun, Tendu, Char.
Fauna: Tiger, Leopard, Sloth bear, Wild dog, Jackal, Sambar,
Indian Bison, Barking Deer, Blue Bull, Spotted Deer, Chausingha, Ratel,
Flying Squirrel, Wild Boar, Langur, Rhesus Monkey, Porcupine, Pangolin,
There are three distinct seasons.
Summer is from February to middle of June.
The monsoon starts from mid-June and lasts till October.
Winter starts in October with low temperatures in
Best time to visit is from February to April.
Getting there :
By Air - Nagpur is the nearest airport approximately 70 kms away.
By Rail - Nagpur is the nearest railway station approximately 70
By Road - Ramtek, 35 kms by bus has a regular bus service to
Pench National Park.
Visiting rules :-
The Pench National Park is open to the visitors from 1st October to 30th
June each year and remains closed during the rainy season (July- Sept.).
Visiting hours are from 6 am to 11 am, and from 3 pm to 6 pm. Light
vehicles and 15-seater buses are allowed, and speed restrictions must be
MTDC manages self-contained rooms at Sillari.