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National  Highways
Accident  Checklist
Driving  Licence
Road Regulations
Road Infrastructure

Road Ahead Zigzag towards right.
Road Ahead Zigzag towards Left.
Cross Road Ahead
Sharp Bend Towards Right
Sharp Bend Towards Left
Dead End Ahead
Side Road Ahead to Righ
Side Road Ahead to Left
Hear Pin Bend Towards Right
Hear Pin Bend Towards Left
Narrow Bridge
Sleep Hill Ahead
Rough Road Ahead
Guarded Level Crossing
Unguarded Level Crossing
Ferry Crossing Ahead
School Ahead
Travel By Road

India has 3.32 million kilometers of road network, which is the second largest in the world. Roads occupy an eminent position in transportation as they, as per the present estimate, carry nearly 65% of freight and 85% of passenger traffic. Traffic on roads is growing at a rate of 7 to 10% per annum, while the vehicle population growth, for the past few years, is of the order of 12% per annum.

If you are new to India, it is important to familiarise yourselves with rules and regulations of the roads if you wish to drive. We drive on the left-hand side of the road, and the cars, including the rental cars are right-hand drive vehicles. All distances, speed limits (and speedometers) are in kilometers. While driving on the road, wearing of seat belts is compulsory and usage of hand-held phones is banned.

Petrol (Gas) stations are situated on both main and country roads. It is advised to fill up the tank before it starts giving warning signals, as sometimes there is a considerable distance between the towns. Indian petrol stations are not self-help. A helper will check tire pressure, oil and water, and fill the car, and if necessary, clean the windscreen.

After the railways, surface transport is the chief means of travel in India. It is a viable option to rent a car in cities, and fares are charged on a kilometer basis. In Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai and other major cities, metered taxis, as well as luxury cars are easily available on hire. There are many rent-a-car services, with prominent international companies tying up with Indian firms to provide these services. You can hire a car for a full day or for a destination.

The states and union territories of India operate their own road transport corporations and transport undertakings, which run under the care of the respective state governments. Usually, the tickets to travel on the state road transport buses have to be acquired at the ticket counters in the respective bus depots. However, many of the state road transport corporations have their own websites, which provide information to citizens about bus schedules, bus fares, bus routes, etc. and some of them even offer the facility to book tickets online. For more information about state road transport corporations and transport undertakings, and the services provided by them, click on the respective states and union territories.

Roadway covers possibilities of exploring India by Road. It explains the types of vehicles available for self drive or with driver.

The three most common types of Tourist Vehicle given below :

A. Toyota Innova B. Tata Indica C. Tata Indigo

Toyota Innova

Few people bring their own vehicles to India. If you do decide to bring a car or motorcycle to India it must be brought in under a carnet, a customs document guaranteeing its removal at the end of your stay. Failing to do so will be very expensive. However driving in India requires lot of patience because of extreme congestion in the cities and highways which are always busy with trucks.

Rental: Self-drive rental in India is not wide-spread, but it is possible. If you don't feel confident about driving on Indian roads, or if self-driven rental is unavailable, it is easy to hire a car and driver, either from the local station tourist authority or privately through your hotel. By western standards the cost is quite low. In India you can get rental taxis, for nationwide TATA INDICA indicative rates refer Rental Rates. The oldest and reliable vehicle available across India is Ambassador. However the other most popular vehicle in North India and in Gujarat is Maruti-Van for which performance is good driving on hills with very little maintenance and fast pick-up, however if not driven carefully, it is accident prone. Jeep is the most common vehicle in Rajasthan. The deluxe versions of Jeep with closed bodies vehicles are Toyota Qualis , Sumo, Armada and Trax most commonly used in Western India as vehicles can accommodate more people and very good pickup and stability. They are mainly plying on Mumbai-Pune, Mumbai-Aurangabad, Mumbai- Nasik- Shirdi  and   Mumbai-Mahableshwar and interior parts of Maharashtra.The other types of owner driven vehicles which are most common in India are Maruti-800, Maruti-Esteem, Maruti-Zen. Other new vehicles are Fiat-Uno, Deawoo-Cielo, Opel-Astra, Ford.

Fuel : Petrol is expensive compared to the West and when compared to the cost of living in India  but diesel is much cheaper. Petrol is usually readily available in all large towns and along the main roads so there is no need to carry spare fuel.

                                                             TATA INDIGO

Repairs and Maintenance: In India, anyone who can handle a screwdriver and a spanner can be called a Mechanic, so be careful. Also if you are getting repairs done by someone, don't leave the premises while the work is being done or you may find that good parts have ripped and replaced with old parts if your vehicle is new. Punctures are most common on highway, however lot of puncture repair stalls are available on Indian Highways mainly dominated by Keralites.

Car Type
Luxury Premium Economy/ Compact
Mercedes 'C' Class Ford Ikon - AC Tata Indica
Mercedes 'E' Class Maruti Esteem - AC Maruti Omni - Non AC
Honda City - AC Tata Indigo - AC Ambassador Non AC
Mitsubishi Lancer - AC Hyundai Accent AC Ambassador AC
Toyota Camry -------------- --------------




SUV (Touring) Luxury Coach
Tata Sumo - AC Deluxe Coach - 32 Seater --------------
Tata Sumo - Non AC Deluxe  Coach - 20 Seater --------------
Toyota Qualis - AC Tempo Traveler - 10 Seater --------------
Toyota Qualis - Non AC Volvo --------------
Toyota Innova - AC -------------- --------------
Mahindra Scorpio -------------- --------------
Chevrolet Tavera AC/ Non AC -------------- --------------

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