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Bihar

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Orissa

Union Territories
 
State Bihar
Capital Patna
Main Language Hindi
Roads Surfaced: 30,491 Kms, Unsurfaced: 54,424 Kms
Railways 5,333 Kms
Airports Gaya, Patna, Ranchi, Jamshedpur
Climate Summer: 47 C to 20 C       Winter: 28 C to 4 C  Monsoon: June to October
Bihar is a the ninth largest state in area in India and second largest in population. Bihar is bounded on the north by Nepal, on the south by Orissa, on the east by West Bengal and on the west by Uttar Pradesh.

It is the land of great religions, like Buddhism, making it a great pilgrim centre for Buddhist's. This state has made all round developments in the field of Industry and agriculture but at the same time preserved its rich heritage and culture.

Languages: Hindi, Maithili, Urdu.

Places to Visit :

Barauni: Industrial Centre.

Betla:  National Park.

Bhagalpur: Tasar & Silk Centre.

Bodh Gaya: Most sacred Buddhist pilgrim centre. Gautam Buddha attain enlightenment under the sacred Bodhi Tree. Mahabodhi Temple & Museum.

Buxar: A Hindu pilgrim Centre with Vashishta ashram.

Chittaranjan: Locomotive plants.

Darbhanga: Famous as a centre of Maithili culture & handicrafts.

Dehri-on-sone: Industrial centre at Dalmiyanagar. India's longest railway bridge on river Sone.

Deoghar: Baidhyanath Temple, which is known as one of the Jyotirlings.

Dhanbad: Coalfields, Research Institute.

Dumka: Holiday resort.

Gaya: One of the most sacred Hindu pilgrim centre. Temples, nearby Stupas & Buddhist caves. Vishnupad temple, Akshayawat, Brahmayani hill, Gandhi Mandapam.

Ghatshila: Holiday resort, copper mines.

Hazaribaug: National park & holiday resort.

Jamshedpur: Known as "Steel city" - India's first planned city. First steel plant in India.

Jharia: Major Coalfields.

Kodarma: Major Mica mines.

Kothihar: Major railway junction.

Madhubani: Centre of Madhubani paintings & Maithili culture.

Madhupur: Holiday resort.

Maithon: Dam-site holiday centre.

Maner: Bari Dargah of Sufi saint. Picnic spot.

Mandu: National park near Daltonganj.

Munger: Historic town.

Nalanda: Ruins of ancient Buddhist University. Nearby Kandalpur & Pavapuri are major Jain pilgrim centre. Bihar Shariff is a major Muslim pilgrim centre.

Neterhat: Holiday resort on a hill station in forest setting.

Parasnath(Summed Shikhar): Most sacred Jain pilgrim centre on hill where, twenty Jain tirthankars attained Nirvana.

Patna: Capital city on the sangam of rivers Ganga & son. Museums, Ruins of ancient Mauryan Pitliputra, Har mandir- birth place of Shri Guru Gobindsinghji, Golghar Granary, and mosques.

Pavapuri: Jain pilgrim centre.

Rajmahal: Fort, ruins.

Ranchi: Holiday resort, industrial centre.

Rohtas: Mansingh palace.

Sasaram: Mausoleum of Sher Shah Suri.

Sindri: Industrial centre.

Sitamarhi: Temples & Ramnavmi fair.

Sonepur: India's largest cattle fair in Oct. - November.

Vaishali: Ancient Lichhavi capital. Buddhist & Jain pilgrim place. Museum.

 

 

 

  • Bhagalpur-Silk Centre
  • Bodhgaya-Most sacred Buddhist pilgrim centre.
  • Gaya-Major Hindu and Buddhist Pilgrim centre, Temples, nearby Stupas and Buddhist caves.
  • Nalanda-Ruins of ancient Buddhist University, Museum, Buddhist Research Institute.
  • Patna-Museums, Ruins of ancient Mauryan Pataliputra.
  • Vaishali-Ancient Capital, Buddhist & Jain pilgrim centre, Jain Temples.
  • Major Towns: Patna, Ranchi, Bhagalpur.

 

 

 

 

 

Bodhgaya
  Deoghar (Baidyanath Dhan)  
Kushinagar
  Lumbini  
  Nalanda  
  Patna  
  Pawapuri  
Rajgir
Vaishali
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 

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