|Haryana is the 16th
largest state in area and population. This state has a very fertile land. Called as
the "Green Land of India", the modern state of Haryana came into being on
November 1st 1966. The State is bounded by Uttar Pradesh in east, Punjab in west, Himachal
Pradesh in north and Rajasthan in south. Union Territory of Delhi just into Haryana.
Haryana can be divided into two natural area
sub-Himalayan Terai and Indo-Gangetic plain. The plain is fertile and slopes from north to
south with a height above the sea level, averaging between 700 and 900 ft. South-west of
Haryana is dry, sandy and barren. Haryana has no perennial river. The only river which
flows through Haryana is the Ghaggar, which passes through northern fringes of the state.
For most of the year, climate of Haryana is of a pronounced character-very hot in summer
and markedly cold in winter.
Haryana has a proud history going back
to the vedic age. The state was the home of the legendry Bharata dynasty, which has given
the name "Bharat" to India. Haryana is immortalised in the great epic
Mahabharata, Kurukshetra, the scene of the epic battle between the Kaurvas and the
Pandavas, is situated in Haryana. The state continued to play a leading role in the
history of India till the advent of Muslims and the rise of Delhi as the imperial capital
of India. Thereafter, Haryana functioned as an adjunct to Delhi and practically remained
anonymous till the first war of India's Independence in 1857, when the people of Haryana
joined the leaders of Indian revolt against the British Government.
This state has an agriculture based
economy. About 80% of its people depend on agriculture for their livelihood.
The state also has a very sound
industrial base. Haryana produces the largest number of tractors in the country. It is
well-known for its handloom products. Panipat has earned the reputation of being the
"weaver's city" of India for its exquisite hand-tufted woollen carpets and
colourful handloom products.
Haryana is a beneficiary of the
multi-purpose project on Satluj with Beas, where it shares benefit with Punjab and
Rajasthan. Major irrigation projects are Western Yamuna Canal, Bhakra Canal System and
Gurgaon Canal. The state has completed Jui Loharu and Sewani lift irrigation schemes.
Jawaharlal Nehru irrigation scheme, the biggest of its kind shall be completed soon.
From education point of view, Haryana
has some of the best Universities like-Maharshi Dayanand University at Rohtak and
Kurukshetra University at Kurukshetra.
The State which has a very rich culture
and heritage is becoming a very important tourist centre of north.