finds mention in the Mahabharata when Lord Krishna stopped here during
his journey from Mathura to Dwarka with his cows. According to the
Sanskrit scriptures, this area was under the control of the western
Chalukyas in AD 610 and remained under Hindu kings till 12th century
when a general of Qutub-ud-din Aibak captured the city. The wealth and
prosperity of the city started in the 12th century when Parsis first
settled here. Akbar captured the city in 1573 after a long siege and it
became an important Mughal trading point. Arabian traders started
calling this place Bunder-E-Khubsoorat (the beautiful port), which later
shortened to Surat.
In 1612, the British established their trading factory here, soon to be
followed by the Dutch and French. Due to political and climatic problems
and growing importance of Mumbai, Surat lost its prominence. In 1852,
Surat became the first municipality of Gujarat and gradually it became a
major business city famous for its textile industry.
Surat circuit consists of the old
historic city of Surat, India's ancient trading centre. Since
long traders from across the seven seas had links with this
region. The Saputara and the Dangs regions are filled with
tribal villages where you can witness the lifestyle,
traditions of the indigenous people living the life their
ancestors lived years ago.
THE TEXTILE CITY:
the earliest times, the ancient port of Surat has been renowned for its
fine silks and exquisite brocades and its trade in spices. Surat has been
one of the most prosperous of India's cities in the 17th and 18th century.
Surat, the city of commerce was an important port that first attracted the
Europeans to the riches of India.
India Company established its first warehouses in Surat in 1612. And it
was at Surat that Sir Thomas Roe landed when he came as King James'
ambassador to the court of Emperor Jehangir. In Mughal times, Surat was
the main port from which pilgrims sailed to Mecca.
Surat is a premier industrial city of India. It is a city of riches, of
gems and diamonds. Times may have changed but Surat remains and continues
Surat was founded by Parsi refugees in the 12th century,
and it emerged as a minor trading post during the 1500s when it was
plundered and razed numerous times by the Portuguese. In 1592, after a
protracted siege, the town fell to Akbar, under whose patronage, it became
one of India's most prosperous mercantile capitals, as well as a key
transit point for Muslims heading to Mecca.